JUDAH BEN KALONYMUS BEN MOSES OF MAINZ

JUDAH BEN KALONYMUS BEN MOSES OF MAINZ (d. c. 1200), German scholar, halakhic authority, paytan, and kabbalist. He was the pupil of Shemariah b. Mordecai in Speyer, and of Judah he-Ḥasid , who taught him mysticism. During the Third Crusade (1189–93) Judah braced his community to face the approaching trials and inspired them to repentance. Among his prominent pupils were his son Eleazar (who stated that he had received the mystical interpretation of the prayers and other kabbalistic knowledge from his father), eliezer b. joel ha-levi , and baruch b. samuel , the author of Sefer ha-Ḥokhmah. His halakhic decisions are quoted in the works of the earlier authorities. He wrote seliḥot and piyyutim. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Landshuth, Ammudei, 78; Davidson, Oẓar 4 (1933), 392; Aptowitzer, Mavo le-Sefer Ravyah (1938), 252, 342–3; Urbach, Tosafot, 303f., 321–4. (Yehoshua Horowitz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • LEONTE (Judah) BEN MOSES — (12th century), liturgical poet. Leonte, who lived in Rome, is most probably identical with the scholar Judah b. Moses who, in the name of the Roman community, addressed an inquiry to judah b. kalonymus and the sages of Mainz (Zedekiah Anav,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF MAINZ — (c. 1150–1221), scholar and paytan. Baruch was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha Kohen, whom he succeeded as a member of the bet din of Mainz. There is no basis for Aptowitzer s statement that a dispute for the position between him and his kinsman,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KALONYMUS — KALONYMUS, one of the most eminent Jewish families in Germany which flourished from the 9th to the 13th century, especially in the cities near the Rhine. Among its members were numerous rabbis, preachers, poets, teachers, authors, moralists, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DAVID BEN MESHULLAM OF SPEYER — (12th century), liturgical poet. His father was apparently the scholar R. Meshullam who lived in Mainz in 1034. On Feb. 19, 1090, David was received in Speyer by Emperor Henry IV as representative of the Jewish community, together with Judah b.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nathan ben Jehiel — of Rome (Hebrew: נתן בן יחיאל מרומי; Nathan ben Y ḥiel Mi Romi according to Sephardic pronunciation) (c. 1035–1106) was a Jewish Italian lexicographer. He was born in Rome not later than 1035 to one of the most notable Roman families of Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • ELEAZAR BEN JUDAH OF WORMS — (c. 1165–c. 1230), scholar in the fields of halakhah, theology, and exegesis in medieval Germany. Eleazar was the last major scholar of the Ḥasidei Ashkenaz movement (see Ḥasidei Ashkenaz ). Born in Mainz, he traveled and studied in many of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SIMḤAH BEN SAMUEL OF SPEYER — (second half of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century), German scholar. He may have been a descendant of Judah ha Kohen, author of the Sefer ha Dinim (see Aptowitzer). Simḥah was one of the rabbis and dayyanim of the Speyer bet din… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIEZER BEN JOEL HA-LEVI OF BONN — (Heb. acronym ראבי ה, Ravyah; 1140–1225), rabbinic scholar in Germany. His maternal grandfather was Eliezer b. Nathan. Eliezer studied under his father joel ha Levi of Bonn, as well as under Judah he Ḥasid, and Judah b. Kalonymus of Mainz. His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOMON BEN SAMSON — (11th century), scholar of Worms, a contemporary of Rashi s teachers. He used to sign himself ששו״ן and as a result is referred to as Sason. His teachers were jacob b. yakar and, apparently, eleazar of Worms, and he was a colleague of isaac b.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JOEL BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI — (1115?–1200), one of the eminent talmudic scholars of Mainz. Little is known about his life. He was related on his maternal side to some of the most distinguished families of the generation, including that of samuel b. natronai (his cousin, or… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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